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Cameroonian Fufu And Eru

Cameroonian Fufu And Eru

Traditional meals from Cameroon, in West Africa, include fufu and eru. In contrast to Eru, which is a tasty vegetable soup frequently made with leafy greens like waterleaf, okazi, or spinach and can be cooked with a variety of proteins including beef, fish, or crayfish, fufu is a starchy side dish made from cassava, yam, plantains, or a mix of these items.

A common side dish called fufu is made from a range of starchy foods such cassava, yam, plantains, or a mix of these. Its origins can be found in the indigenous villages of Cameroon, where it was created out of necessity to provide food and energy to those working the region's abundant soils. Fufu has developed into a popular and adaptable side dish throughout the years, prized for its capacity to go well with a variety of delicious entrees.

Eru, on the other hand, is a vegetable soup renowned for its pliability and enticing flavors. Eru has its roots in the Cameroonian people's rich cultural heritage, particularly in the Bamileke and Bassa communities. Originally, Eru was cooked with a variety of proteins, including beef, fish, or crayfish, and was made with waterleaf, okazi, or other local leafy greens. It was a shared dish that was frequently served at festive occasions and gatherings as a mark of harmony and cohesion.

Both Fufu and Eru capture the spirit of Cameroonian cuisine, which is distinguished by its inventive use of regional ingredients and a symphony of taste combinations.

Preparation Time

1 hour and 30 minutes




2 cups of shredded waterleaf, okazi or spinach

1 pound of meat (beef, goat, or pork), fish, or both

1/2 cup of ground crayfish

1/2 cup of palm oil

2-3 tablespoons of ground melon seeds (egusi) or peanuts (groundnuts)

2-3 Scotch bonnet peppers (chopped)

1 medium-sized onion (chopped)

2-3 cloves of garlic (minced)

2-3 cups of chicken or vegetable broth

Salt and pepper 

Seasoning cubes or powder (Maggi or Knorr)


2 cups of cassava flour or yam flour 




  • Soak the okazi leaves in hot water for about 15 minutes, then drain and chop them finely. If you're using waterleaf or spinach, you can skip this step.
  • Heat the palm oil in a large pot over medium heat. 
  • Add the onions and garlic to the palm oil. Sauté them until they become translucent.
  • Add the ground crayfish and ground melon seeds or peanuts to the pot. Stir well and let them cook for a few minutes.
  • Add the peppers and your choice of meat or fish to the pot. Cook until the meat is browned and the fish is cooked through.
  • Pour in the chicken or vegetable broth and let the mixture simmer for about 30 minutes.
  • Add the okazi to the pot and allow it to simmer for about 15 minutes.
  • Season the Eru with salt, pepper, and seasoning cubes or powder to taste.


  • Boil about 4 cups of water in a separate pot.
  •  Mix the cassava or yam flour with enough cold water in a large bowl to form a smooth paste. 
  • Slowly pour the cassava or yam paste into the boiling water, stirring continuously to prevent lumps from forming.
  • Reduce the heat to low and continue to cook and stir the mixture for about 10 minutes.
  • Once the Fufu is ready, remove it from the heat and let it cool slightly.
  • Serve the Eru with a portion of Fufu on the side.